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天然产物对照品之硫代葡萄糖苷类物质种类和结构(一)

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天然产物对照品之硫代葡萄糖苷类物质种类和结构(一)

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 硫代葡萄糖苷(glucosinolate, GSL, 简称硫苷,也称芥子油苷)是植物中一种重要的次生代谢物质,在十字花科植物中广泛存在,通常情况下以钾盐或钠盐的形式存在于细胞质中,不仅具有多种生物活性,还是十字花科蔬菜风味和气味形成的重要的前体物质。硫代葡萄糖苷由β-D-葡萄糖、磺酸肟和氨基酸的侧链R 组成,根据侧链R 的不同,GSL 在结构上可分为脂肪族硫苷、芳香族硫苷和吲哚族硫苷,三类代表性单体硫苷化学的结构式,如图1 所示:

    硫代葡萄糖苷种类比较丰富, 目前己鉴定的有200多种,其中含硫侧链硫苷种类和结构,如下表1和图2所示:

1 含硫侧链硫苷种类和结构

编号

中文名称

化学名称

中/英文俗名

1

2-(甲硫基)乙基硫苷

2-(Methylthio)ethyl glucosinolate

Glucoviorylin

2

3-(甲硫基)丙基硫苷

3-(Methylthio)propyl glucosinolate

Glucoiberverin

3

4-(甲硫基)丁基硫苷

4-(Methylthio)butyl glucosinolate

芝麻菜苷Glucoerucin

4

5-(甲硫基)戊基硫苷

5-(Methylthio)pentyl glucosinolate

Glucoberteroin

5

6-(甲硫基)己基硫苷

6-(Methylthio)hexyl glucosinolate

Glucolesquerellin

6

7-(甲硫基)庚基硫苷

7-(Methylthio)heptyl glucosinolate

 

7

8-(甲硫基)庚基硫苷

8-(Methylthio)octyl glucosinolate

 

8

9-(甲硫基)壬基硫苷

9-(Methylthio)nonyl glucosinolate

 

9

10-(甲硫基)癸基硫苷

10-(Methylthio)decyl glucosinolate

 

10

2-(甲基亚磺酰基)乙基硫苷

2-(Methylsulfinyl)propyl glucosinolate

 

11

3-(甲基亚磺酰基)丙基硫苷

3-(Methylsulfinyl)propyl glucosinolate

Glucoiberin

12

4-(甲基亚磺酰基)丁基硫苷

4-(Methylsulfinyl)butyl glucosinolate

萝卜硫苷Glucoraphanin

13

5-(甲基亚磺酰基)戊基硫苷

5-(Methylsulfinyl)pentyl glucosinolate

Glucoalyssin

14

6-(甲基亚磺酰基)己基硫苷

6-(Methylsulfinyl)hexyl glucosinolate

Glucohesperin

15

7-(甲基亚磺酰基)庚基硫苷

7-(Methylsulfinyl)heptyl glucosinolate

Glucoibarin

16

8-(甲基亚磺酰基)辛基硫苷

8-(Methylsulfinyl)octyl glucosinolate

Glucohirsutin

17

9-(甲基亚磺酰基)壬基硫苷

9-(Methylsulfinyl)nonyl glucosinolate

Glucoarabin

18

10-(甲基亚磺酰基) 癸基硫苷

10-(Methylsulfinyl)decyl glucosinolate

Glucocamelinin

19

11-(甲基亚磺酰基)十一烷基硫苷

11-(Methylsulfinyl)undecyl glucosinolate

 

20

12-(甲基亚磺酰基)十二烷基硫苷

12-(Methylsulfinyl)dodecyl glucosinolate

 

21

3-(甲基磺酰基)丙基硫苷

3-(Methylsulfonyl)propyl glucosinolate

桂竹香苷 Glucocheirolin

22

4-(甲基磺酰基)丁基硫苷

4-(Methylsulfonyl)butyl glucosinolate

Glucoerysolin

23

5-(甲基磺酰基)戊基硫苷

5-(Methylsulfonyl)pentyl glucosinolate

 

24

6-(甲基磺酰基)己基硫苷

6-(Methylsulfonyl)hexyl glucosinolate

 

25

7-(甲基磺酰基)庚基硫苷

7-(Methylsulfonyl)heptyl glucosinolate

 

26

8-(甲基磺酰基)辛基硫苷

8-(Methylsulfonyl)octyl glucosinolate

 

27

9-(甲基磺酰基)壬基硫苷

9-(Methylsulfonyl)nonyl glucosinolate

 

28

10-(甲基磺酰基)癸基硫苷

10-(Methylsulfonyl)decyl glucosinolate

 

29

3-羟基-5-(甲硫基)戊基硫苷

3-Hydroxy-5-(methylthio)pentyl glucosinolate

 

30

3-羟基-5-(甲基亚磺酰基)戊基硫苷

3-Hydroxy-5-(methylsulfinyl)pentyl glucosinolate

 

31

3-羟基-5-(甲基磺酰基)戊基硫苷

3-Hydroxy-5-(methylsulfonyl)pentyl glucosinolate

 

32

3-羟基-6-(甲硫基)己基硫苷

3-Hydroxy-6-(methylthio)hexyl glucosinolate

 

33

3-羟基-6-(甲基亚磺酰基)己基硫苷

3-Hydroxy-6-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl glucosinolate

 

34

3-羟基-6-(甲基磺酰基)己基硫苷

3-Hydroxy-6-(methylsulfonyl)hexyl glucosinolate

 

35

6-甲硫基-3-氧代己基硫苷

6-Methylthio-3-oxohexyl glucosinolate

 

36

7-甲硫基-3-氧代庚基硫苷

7-Methylthio-3-oxoheptyl glucosinolate

 

37

7-甲基亚磺酰基-3-氧代庚基硫苷

7-Methylsulfinyl-3-oxoheptyl glucosinolate

 

38

8-甲硫基-3-氧代辛基硫苷

8-Methylthio-3-oxooctyl glucosinolate

 

39

8-甲基亚磺酰基-3-氧代辛基硫苷

8-Methylsulfinyl-3-oxooctyl glucosinolate

 

40

4-甲硫基-3-丁烯基硫苷

4-Methylthio-3-butenyl glucosinolate

Dehydroerucin

41

4-甲基亚磺酰基-3-丁烯基硫苷

4-Methylsulfinyl-3-butenyl glucosinolate

莱菔苷 Glucoraphenin

42

4-甲基磺酰基-3-丁烯基硫苷

4-Methylsulfonyl-3-butenyl glucosinolate

 

43

11-(1-丁烯硫基)-6-十一烯基硫苷

11-(1-butenylsulfanyl)-6-undecenyl glucosinolate

 

44

5-苯甲磺酰基-4-戊烯基硫苷

5-(Benzylsufonyl)-4-pentenyl glucosinolate

 

45

3-氧代-6-巯基己基硫苷

3-oxo-6-Mercaptohexyl glucosinolate

 

 

4-巯基丁基硫苷

4-mercaptobutyl glucosinolate

 

46

4-(2-胺基-3-羧基乙硫基)丁基硫苷

4-(cystein-S-yl) butyl glucosinolate

Glucorucolamine

47

4-巯基丁基硫代葡萄糖苷过硫醚

Dimeric 4-Mercaptobutyl glucosinolate

 

48

8-胺基-8-羧基-5,6-二硫杂辛基硫苷

8-Amine-8-Carboxy-5,6-dithiaoctane glucosinolate

 

49

6-(β-葡萄糖基)-5,6-二硫杂己基硫苷

4-(β-D-Glucopyranosyldisulfanyl)butyl glucosinolate

 

50

8-(4-胺基-4-羧基丁酰胺基)-8-(羧乙胺基甲酰基)-5,6-二硫杂辛基硫苷

8-(4-Amine-4-Carboxybutyrylamino)-8-(Carboxyethylaminoformyl)-5,6-dithiaoctane glucosinolate

 

 

2 含硫侧链硫代葡萄糖苷结构

 经过多年积累,华士特生物专业开发不同种类硫代葡萄糖苷类(芥子油苷类)对照品/标准品等产品,产品数量不断更新,可提供5mg~25mg等常规包装和100mg以上的大规格包装,并开展硫代葡萄糖苷(芥子油苷)检测分析,满足客户的不同需求,详情请咨询客服人员,如有天然产物对照品和检测需求,以及寻求相关生物资源深度开发与利用技术的合作意向,欢迎咨询洽谈!

 

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